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Vermiculture

 
Main Page About Vermicomposting  Build a Bin Worms in Action School Projects Math Project


How is the worm bin built?
In order to make the worms feel in their natural habitat a worm bin is created mimicking their natural surroundings.
         A large container that has never been exposed to harmful chemicals such as cleaning supplies is used as the bin. Multiple wholes are drilled into the large bins for air flow and drainage purposes.
         Worms typically live under moist leaves and dirt out in the natural world. In order to mimic this setting, shreds of wet newspaper are used as the bedding for the worm bin. Any newspaper may be used for bedding but never use glossy newspapers or magazines as the chemicals they contain may harm the worms.
          Once the bedding has been set in make sure to throw in some moist dirt as the worms need it for the composting process.
          Next, carefully place a fair amount of worms into the bin. Try placing one pound of worms for every two pounds of food placed into the bin. Now that the worms are in their new home you must provide them with some FOOD! Composting worms love rotting foods. Any leftover foods that have gone to waste including egg shells, coffee grounds and tea bags may be placed inside the bin for the worms to eat. (Avoid placing meats and dairy into the bin. It can cause a strong foul odor).
         All that is left to do is place the lid (that contains airway wholes) on the worm bin and you’re done!          Congratulations, after providing the worms with a home (bin), bedding (newspaper), and food (rotting fruits and vegetables, eggs shells, coffee grounds & tea bags) you have successfully created your own worm bin!



Extracting the Soil
Empty out the bin (little by little or by dumping out all the contents) onto a plastic sheet and separate the worms and food from the soil and take your soil! Or you can start putting the food on one side of the bin so the worms migrate there and start going through the empty side for the soil.

Tips
Remember to feed your worm bin frequently and maintain the newspaper moist. Avoid placing the worm bin under direct sunlight as it may prevent the worm bin from staying moist. Try placing the bin in a cool shady place. Through the process of vermicompost, composting worms eat away decaying organic matter such as fruits and vegetables. Once the worms eat and digest the food, they release it as nutrient rich fertilizer.
 


 
 

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